(c) Yossi Harpaz
From Sacred to Instrumental: The Commodification of Citizenship
Scholars of citizenship have been arguing that citizenship is being perceived in an increasingly instrumental manner, leading Christian Joppke to coin the term "citizenship light". This project aims to evaluate these claims while focusing on overlooked mechanisms that might lead to instrumentalism, such as the abolition of conscription, growing acceptance of multiple citizenship and growing diversity..
Conspicuous Mobility: The Passport as Status Symbol
In recent years, scholars have pointed out the importance of global stratification. There is a stark hierarchy in terms of the life standards, rights and entitlements that are enjoyed by citizens of different nations. To what degree are individuals aware of this global hierarchy and, if they are aware of it, where do they experience it? In this paper, I argue that cross-border mobility, where travelers are classified according to the passports that they carry, is the main site where individuals experience their place within this hierarchy.
The New American Diaspora: Explaining the Growth of U.S. Citizens Abroad
Over the past two decades, the number of American citizens living outside the U.S. has increased dramatically - from 4 million in 2000 to over 9 million nowadays. Available statistics suggest that much of this growth has taken place in countries that send emigration to the United States - such as Mexico or China - rather than in countries where Americans might be motivated to emigrate to, such as Britain or Germany. The project will provide estimates of American citizens abroad and explore the mechanisms that drive the growth in their numbers.