(c) Yossi Harpaz
Rites of Citizenship: Analyzing the Effect of Naturalization Ceremonies
Over the past two decades, numerous European countries instituted new ceremonies and loyalty oaths for immigrants who wish to become citizens. In adopting such policies, they are following the lead of the United States, Canada and Australia, which have had such ceremonies for decades. The project will seek to explain the new drive towards the ritualization of citizenship in Europe, as well as examine the effectiveness of such ceremonies in the United States. It will use a range of methods - including experiments and panel data - to evaluate the effect of naturalization ceremonies and oaths. Are such ceremonies effective in instilling identities and enhancing cohesion, or are they mainly a political ritual that is addressed at the native population?
From Sacred to Instrumental: The Commodification of Citizenship
Scholars of citizenship have been arguing that citizenship is being perceived in an increasingly instrumental manner, leading Christian Joppke to coin the term "citizenship light". This project aims to evaluate these claims while focusing on overlooked mechanisms that might lead to instrumentalism, such as the abolition of conscription, growing acceptance of multiple citizenship and growing diversity..
The Passport as Status Symbol
In recent years, scholars have pointed out the importance of global stratification. There is a stark hierarchy in terms of the life standards, rights and entitlements that are enjoyed by citizens of different nations. To what degree are individuals aware of this global hierarchy and, if they are aware of it, where do they experience it? In this paper, I argue that cross-border mobility, where travelers are classified according to the passports that they carry, is the main site where individuals experience their place within this hierarchy.